December 12, 2012

Kvadraturen, Oslo


Oslo vzniklo pred vice nez tisici lety v mistech, kde se dnes rozklada jeho vychodni vyspa. Mela jsem tu moznost navstivit hlavni mesto Norska a prilehle fjordy letos v rijnu. Mesto jehoz historicke jadro temer uplne lehlo popelem v roce 1624. Pod zastitou Kristiana IV. se mesto nove rozlehlo severne od pevnosti Akershus do ctvrti Kvadraturen (Ctyruhelnik) o kterou se s vami podelim :-)

Oslo was founded more than thousand years ago in the place of its eastern outpost. I had the opportunity to visit the capital of Norway and the surrounding fjords this October. Almost all burnt down in 1624 of the historical hearth. Under the reign of Christian IV. new town has been born north of the Akershus castle into the Kvadraturen quarter (Quadrangle). Which I would like to show you :-)


Ctvrt Kvadraturen pri budovani tvorila sit pravouhlych ulic. Ackoliv, ze se z te doby zachovalo malo domu, tak se mi podarilo najit ten nejstarsi ze vsech. U nej jsem i zacly prohlidku - Christiania Torv. Prvni trhove namesti v metropoli bylo obnoveno a nachazi se zde mnoho novych restauraci. Fontanu uprostred navrhl Wenche Gulbransen (1997) - Rukavice Kristiana IV. Proc rukavice rikate si. Veri se, ze prave Kristian IV. jako tehdejsi norsko-dansky panovnik ukazal prstem presne na toto misto se slovy: "Zde bude stat nove mesto.". A tak se ve skutecnosti stalo! Vstoupite-li do teto ctvrti prenesete se do doby kralu a kraloven, vikingu. Ctvrt je nadherne zachovala a opravena. Naproti "rukavice" se nachazi jiz zmineny nejstarsi dum. Postupujete-li dale po ulici Radhausgata narazite na mnoho tradicnich severskych domu. Nedaleko se po ceste nachazi Norsk Architekturmuseum/Muzeum norske architektury plne modelu pamatnych i novych budov. Dalsim muzeem, ktere stoji za videni je Museet for Samtidskuns/Muzeum soucasneho umeni, ktere bylo nove zrizeno na ulici Kongens gate ve velkolepem secesnim objektu Bankplassen, kde drive sidlila Norska banka. Malou tresnickou na dortu je restaurace naproti vchodu do tohoto muzea - Engebret Cafe zalozene roku 1857 jako nejstarsi existujici restaurace v metropoli. Cela prochazka vam zabere par hodin. Soucasti arealu je i hrad Akershus o kterem nekdy priste :-)

The Kvadraturen quarter was made by rectangular streets network. Although there are only few houses from the founding era, it was my luck which made me find the oldest building in Oslo. We started our walk at this house - in Christiania Torv. This is the first market city center in the metropolis which has been  restored and is the home to many new restaurants. The fountain in the middle was designed by Wenche Gulbransen (1997) - the Hand of Christian IV. Why a hand you may ask. It is believed that Christian IV. as the Danish-Norwegian king pointed to this spot and said: "The new town will lie here!". And it really happened! if you enter this quarter you escape into another time. Into the time of kings and queens, vikings. The quarter is well  preserved and restored. Opposite the "hand" you can find the oldest house. If you go further towards the Radhausgata street you can observe many beautiful old buildings. Near all this you can find the Norsk Architeturmuseum/Museum of norwegian architecture full with models of memorable and new buildings. Next museum which a must to visit is the Museet for Samtidskunst/Museum of current art. This museum has been founded recently in the Kogens gate street in a spectacular art nouveau building Bankplassen. This building was the home of the Norwegian bank in fact. You can find also a small cherry here across the museum entrance - Engebret Cafe founded 1857. This restaurant is the oldest (still working) restaurant in the capital. The whole tour takes couple hours. The Akershus castle is part of this area as well but I'm going to keep it for another time :-)












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